Inherited CrazinessA place to share all the nuts found on my family tree

Sunday, 28 February 2021

Frederick James Stone and Loveday Jane Land

Bampton (Devon), Church of St Michael & All Angels
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Ben Brooksbank - geograph.org.uk/p/5006885

Frederick James Stone (b. 1855 in Stawley, Somerset), the eldest child of Henry Stone and Mary Ridgeway, married the delightfully-named, Loveday Jane Land (b. 1864), daughter of James Land and Rose Anna Beamer. 

Loveday is the Middle English form of the Anglo-Saxon name Léofdæg, derived from the Old English lēof ' "dear, loved"+ dæġ 'day'. Loveday was used as a given name during the Middle Ages in England, which has now become confined to Cornwall.

In 1871, Frederick (16) was already working, as a servant, described as an 'Ag Lab Indoor', for Henry Oxenham at Chevithorne, Tiverton. The mind boggles at how you do agricultural labour indoors, but I think they probably mean lives in the farmer's main accommodation, rather than outside in a cottage. Loveday was then at home with her parents in High StreetBampton, Devon.

Frederick (26) and Loveday (17) were married on 10 Oct 1881 at her Parish Church of St Michael & All Angels, Bampton in the County of Devon. At this marriage, Loveday's father, James Land, added his mark as one of the witnesses and I have a feeling he was carrying a shotgun too.

Farm buildings, Sellake
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2194600

In 1891, Frederick James (36) and Loveday (27) are living at Noblelimdrance, Rock, Halberton. Listed next on the census is Thomas Chave at West Sellake - Sellake farm, previously owned by Richard Chave, is a 16th Century Grade II* Listed Building in Halberton, Devon. Frederick's father worked for the Chave family at Widhayes in Uplowman, so I think we should entertain the possibility that this was the farm at which Frederick then worked as an Agricultural Labourer. And they've begun to acquire quite a brood: 

  1. Rose Anna Stone born 1881, bap. 13 Aug 1882 in Uplowman
  2. Bessy Ann Stone born 18 Jul 1882 in Uffculme, bap. 1882 in Uplowman
  3. Loveday Jane Stone born 1885 in Uffculme
  4. Mary Ann Stone born 1887 in Uffculme
  5. Frederick James Stone born 27 Mar 1888 in Uffculme
  6. John Charles Stone born 1890 in Uffculme, bap. 27 Jul 1890
  7. Florence May Stone born 1894 in Halberton
  8. Laura Alice Stone born 1898 in Uplowman
  9. Irene Venetta Stone born 1900 in Uplowman
  10. Stanley William Stone born 1903 in Uplowman
  11. Phillip Alfred Stone born 1909 in Uplowman
Bridge over the River Lowman on the road to Chevithorne from Stagg Mill.
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Lewis Clarke - geograph.org.uk/p/1800621

In 1901, Frederick (46), Carter on Farm, and Loveday (37) with John Charles (10), Florence May (6), Laura Alice (2) and Irene Venetta (0) are living at Stagg MillUplowman. It is from here their older daughters marry.

By 1911, full circle back to Berry, Chevithorne. Along with Frederick (56), Farm Labourer, and Loveday (47), are Frederick James (23), Florence May (16), Irene Venetta (Minnie) (10), Stanley William (8) and Phillip Alfred (1).

Frederick James Stone died on 21 Sep 1916, aged 62. Loveday Jane Stone died, on 21 Apr 1938, aged 74, in Bishops Lydeard, Somerset.

Mid Devon : Entrance to Berry Farm
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Lewis Clarke - geograph.org.uk/p/1214746

Thomas Middleton

East Anstey: Woodland by the entrance to Higher Radnidge Farm and Radnidge House.
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Bodman - geograph.org.uk/p/245346

Thomas Middleton, bap. 25 Jul 1841, was the youngest child of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker, younger brother of Jane Middleton. In 1861, Thomas Middleton (19) is employed as a House Servant in the employ of James Perryman at Higher Radnidge Farm, East Anstey

As yet, I've found no further records for Thomas.

Saturday, 27 February 2021

Hugh Tapp and Harriet Middleton

Sheep pasture above Marledge
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/6143613

Harriet Middleton, bap. 4 May 1834, in Knowstone, daughter of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker and younger sister of Jane Middleton, married Hugh Tapp, christened on 22 Apr 1832 in Twitchen, Devon, in 1858 in South Molton registration district. Hugh was the son of Hugh Tapp and Ann Yendell, who had married in Twitchen on 27 Mar 1829, who in turn was son of Hugh Tapp and Joan Gunter, who married on 1 Apr 1799 in North Molton.

At home with his parents at Marledge in 1841, Hugh Tapp was then eldest of three surviving children: Hugh (9), John (5) and William (2). His grandparents, Hugh (77) and Joan (84) also lived at Marledge

Hugh's father died in 1846, aged just 47.

By 1851, Hugh Tapp (17) was one of the labourers employed by Roger Buckingham, Farmer Of 70 Acres 2 Laborers, in Twitchen. James Buckingham, Hugh Buckingham, William and Roger Buckingham, as well as a John Tapp and a William Tapp, are all listed as farmers in Twitchen in WHITE'S DIRECTORY OF 1850. At that time, Harriet Middleton was employed as a general servant by George Gilliard at Sandyway, Exmoor, on the Devon & Somerset border.

By 1861, Hugh and Harriet Tapp were living at Hough, Twitchen, with their first two children.
  1. John Tapp born 1859 
  2. Hugh Tapp born 1860
  3. Mary Ann Tapp born 1863
  4. William Tapp born 1866, died 1870, aged 4
  5. William Henry Tapp born 1870
  6. Henry Tapp born 1871
  7. Jane Tapp born 1873
They appear to have escaped the 1871 census, then Hugh Tapp himself died young in 1877, aged just 45. He was buried that year in Molland.

Widowed Harriet Tapp married Henry Blackford in South Molton, in 1879. 

In 1881, Harriet Blackford (48) and her two youngest children, Henry Tapp (10) and Jane Tapp (8), were living at Headgate, Twitchen. Still married, her husband is not in the household. Henry Blackford died, aged 66, in 1883. 

Widowed again, we next find Harriet Blackford (56), in 1891, employed as a female servant in the household of Charles Purchase in North Hensley, North Molton. So far, I haven't found a record of a death for Harriet Blackford, nor found her in a subsequent census. There is a marriage of a Harriet Blackford in 1894, so she may have married for the third time, but I haven't been able to find other records yet to confirm if this record definitely relates to her.

Twitchen: towards the church
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Bodman - geograph.org.uk/p/248809

Friday, 26 February 2021

Robert Middleton and Mary Pyke

The Square, North Tawton
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2768080

Robert Middleton, bap. 4 Jun 1826 in Knowstone, son of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker, elder brother of Jane Middleton, married Mary Pyke, bap. 1 Feb 1829, daughter of Hugh Pyke a Cordwainer, in the town of North Tawton in Devon and his wife, Elizabeth Ellis, in 1855. The marriage may well have taken place at her parish of St Peter's, North Tawton
A cordwainer is a shoemaker who makes new shoes from new leather. The cordwainer's trade can be contrasted with the cobbler's trade, according to a tradition in Britain that restricted cobblers to repairing shoes.
At home with her parents in Oakhampton Street, North Tawton, in 1841, Mary was the third of five children: John Pyke (15), Jane Pyke (14), Mary Pyke (11), Samuel Pyke (9) and Sarah Pyke (6). There was a further sister, Elizabeth Pyke, two years younger than Sarah.

At that time, Robert Middleton, then 15, was already out working, as an Ag Lab, for William Follett at Bransford, Knowstone. 

Unable to find the couple in 1861, by the time we catch up with them in 1871, in Sampford Courtenay, when Robert was still employed as an Ag Lab, and in 1881, in Brightley, Okehampton, when Robert has become a Railway lab - Packer, we find they've been a bit busy. They have at least 7 children: 
  1. James Middleton born 1860  
  2. Thomas Middleton born 1862
  3. Sarah Ann Middleton born 1864
  4. Robert Middleton born 1867
  5. Mary Middleton born 1870
  6. William Middleton born 1873
  7. John Middleton born 1874
Robert Middleton died, aged 63, and was buried on 20 Jul 1889, in Okehampton. In 1891, the widowed Mary had moved into the household of her now married daughter, Mary, and her husband, John Lang, in Oakhampton and stayed with them for the rest of her life. In 1901, aged around 70, Mary was described as a Monthly nurse. Mary died in 1912, aged 84.

Thursday, 25 February 2021

Jane Middleton

Knowstone: Beaple’s Moor
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Bodman - geograph.org.uk/p/243695

Jane Middleton, baptised on 15 Mar 1829 in Knowstone, Devon, daughter of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker, was my 2x great-grandmother. 

By 1841, then aged around 12, Jane had already left home and was working as a farm labourer for John Bucknell at Beaple's Barton. The still-important farmhouse is about one mile south west of Knowstone village, bordered to the south by Beaple's Moor and to the north by Beaple's Wood. 

Listed among the workers at Beaple's Barton at the same time was Thomas Baker (20), who may well have been a relative of Jane's mother. 

South Molton: The Square from the SE corner
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Tester - geograph.org.uk/p/6294453

In 1851, however, Jane (20), is a Pauper inmate of The Workhouse in Church Lane, South Molton, along with her son, Robert, aged 1. Presumably, this was the only place she could go as a single mother and clearly she was either still there or back there in 1853/4 when she had her second son, William.

Jane actually had 4 children out of wedlock. Only one survived.
  1. Robert Middleton, born 1850, baptised on 3 Mar 1854, record marked 'dead' (abode given as 'Union', i.e. Workhouse) and buried on 6 Mar 1854 in Knowstone, aged 4 years. 
  2. William Middleton, born 1853, baptised 9 Feb 1854, record marked 'dead' (abode given as 'Union', i.e. Workhouse), buried 5 Mar 1854 in Knowstone, aged 8 months.
  3. Frederic Middleton, born 1858 and baptised (posthumously) on 3 Oct 1858 in West Anstey, and buried 20 Jan 1858 at St Peter’s ChurchRose Ash, Devon, aged 2 months.
  4. Emma Middleton, born 6 Aug 1862, bap. 5 Oct 1865, in West Anstey.
In 1861 Jane Middleton (32), is a House Servant in the employ of John Micks at Woods, Hill, West Anstey. (Woods Farm?) And 10 years later, in 1871, Jane (34) is Housekeeper to William Short (66) at Rowry, Molland, South Molton, Devon, with her daughter Emma (8) listed as a Boarder. 

Molland Panorama (Lobsterthermidor (talk) 12:49, 8 May 2013 (UTC))

Jane Middleton later married William Flew, widower, who was then aged 38, back at her own parish of St Peter's, Knowstone on 2 Sep 1875. On the record of the marriage, Jane is said to be 30. She was actually 46. 

However, only one year into the marriage, William Flew died, aged 40. He was buried on 5 Mar 1876, at All Saints Church, Rackenford. William also left four children from his first marriage; Thomas, Jane, Sarah and William. 

Jane Flew then married John Howe (or How) in the first quarter of 1877.

St Margaret's Church, Stoodleigh
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper
geograph.org.uk/p/2448281
John How, born 12 Mar 1842 to John How and Mary Ann Broom (who married in 1837 in Oakford, Devon), was baptised on 3 Apr 1842 in Stoodleigh, Devon. 
In 1851, at Hasswells Cottage, Stoodleigh, John was the second of six children; Mary Ann (11), John (9), Matilda (7), Ellen (5), Robert (2) and William (0). John's maternal grandmother, Mary Broom, widow (78), born in 1773, lived with the family.
John How Sr had been baptised on 13 Mar 1810, in the wonderfully named village of Huish Champflower in Somerset, the son of Nathaniel Howe and Joan Rogers, who had married on 25 Mar 1805 in Chipstable.

In 1881, John and Jane How were living at Babcott Cottage on the Stoodleigh Estate, Stoodleigh. John, an Agricultural Labourer, was 38. It says 49, but Jane was 52. John's parents, John and Mary Ann How, also lived in Stoodleigh at 1, Little Coleford. (Perhaps a cottage on Little Coleford Farm?)

In 1891, living at Habridge Cottages, Steart Road, Stoodleigh, John How (49) and Jane How (49 again, really 62), are joined by John's mother, Mary Ann (76), widow - John's father had died in 1887 - and William Henry Middleton (2), described as 'Wife's Daughter's Son'. My dad just called him Uncle Bill.

When my father had hand drawn a family tree for me some years ago, he had added John and Jane Howe with some of their dates, unlinked, at the bottom of the page. Clearly he knew of them (he was a small boy when John died), but didn't know who they were: that Jane was his great-grandmother.

By 1901, John and Jane Howe had moved to Manley Cottage, 2, Halberton - near to the Manley Bridge on the Grand Western Canal (here's what the property at 1 Manley Cottages looks like). John was 59 and Jane had clearly become tired of lying about her age, as she's listed accurately at 71. 

Jane Howe died in November 1905, she will have been 76.

In 1911, John Howe (69), Widower, is a boarder in the household of George Cockram at Marsh Cottages, Bolham Road, Tiverton, close to where Jane's daughter was living. John Howe died on 31 Mar 1927 at the age of 85.

Manley Bridge, Grand Western Canal, from the west
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Christine Johnstone - geograph.org.uk/p/4085587

Tuesday, 23 February 2021

Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker

At the west end of Knowstone village, the road narrows to a cart's width between the cottages.
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Jonathan Billinger - geograph.org.uk/p/664329

Another pair of my 3rd great-grandparents, Robert Medelton (sic) married Elizabeth Baker on 21 Sept 1821 in the parish of Knowstone, Devon. 

Spellings are always variable, but none more so than with Middleton / Medelton and it's variations, which I'm sure is as a result of the officiator writing down what they heard said in a thick West Country accent. 

Robert and Elizabeth had seven children, all of whom were baptised at St Peters Church, Knowstone, but only four survive infancy: 
  1. Elizabeth Medelton (sic) bap. 19 Jan 1823 (buried 23 May 1824)
  2. William Medelton (sic) bap. 13 Mar 1825 (buried 5 Jun 1825)
  3. Robert Medelton (sic) bap. 4 Jun 1826
  4. Jane Medelton (sic) bap. 15 Mar 1829
  5. Maria Middleton bap. 22 Jan 1832 (buried 21 Sep 1834)
  6. Harriot Medelton (sic) bap. 4 May 1834
  7. Thomas Middleton bap. 25 Jul 1841
In 1841, Robert (50), an Agricultural Labourer, and Elizabeth (40), are living, as are many other families, in "Part of Lower High Building" in Knowstone, with Harriet (7) and Thomas (0). By that point, Robert Jr was working, also as an Ag Lab, for William Follett at Bransford, Knowstone, while Jane (12), was similarly employed by John Bucknell at Beaple's Barton. 

It appears that Robert Middleton Sr died in the 1840s and we lose track of Elizabeth in the 1850s and 1860s, but catch up with her again in 1871, when Elizabeth Middleton (71), widow and annuitant, is a lodger in the household of George Bawden at Bawden Cottage, Knowstone. Elizabeth Middleton died, aged 73 and was buried on 31 Aug 1873, at St Peters Church, Knowstone.

St Peters Church, Knowstone
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/6092409

James Ridgeway and Mary Ann Lock

Ashbrittle Village with Court Place Farm (foreground left)
Photo © Lewis Clarke (cc-by-sa/2.0)

The very first record I can find for James Ridgeway and Mary Ann Lock, another pair of my 3rd great-grandparents, is that of their marriage, on 29 Apr 1833, at the Church of St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle. The witnesses to this marriage were Henry Vickery and Elizabeth Webber.

The couple appear to have seven children, with records existing only for the baptisms of first two children; Mary in 1833 and James in 1835. Once civil registration had been introduced (in 1837), there are no more baptism records for the subsequent five children, but neither are there civil registrations for most (only for the sixth child, John, in 1847), just listings on the census.
  1. Mary Ridgeway bap. 28 Dec 1833
  2. James Ridgeway bap. 25 Oct 1835
  3. Jane Ridgeway born 1839
  4. Harriot Ridgeway born 1841
  5. Thomas Ridgeway born 1844
  6. John Ridgeway born 1847
  7. William Ridgeway born 1850
In 1841, James (32) and Ann (33), are living in Ashbrittle Village, with children; Mary (7), James (5), Jane (2) and Harriot (0). 

Bridleway to Little and Great Tadbeer
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © David Smith - geograph.org.uk/p/4400610

And in 1851, still living in Ashbrittle Village, we find James (45) and Ann (45), with Harriot (10), Thomas (7), John (4) and William (1). 

Mary (19) had already left home and was working as a Servant in the household of William Sweet at Appley Court, Appley, Stawley; James (15) had also left home and was working as a Servant in the household of Robert Venn at Little Tadbeer Farm, Ashbrittle; while Jane Ridgeway (12), was a Servant in the household of Robert Johns of Kittisford at Stawley, Somerset. 

James Ridgeway died in 1854, said to be 44, and was buried on 18 Jun 1854 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle. In 1859 there is a marriage, in Kittisford, between James Mash and Mary Ann Ridgway (sic), but I haven't located either of them in 1861 or 1871, nor a record of a death for James Mash. 

In 1881, however, Mary Ann Mash (74), Widow, is living with her son, Thomas Ridgeway, in Whitnage, Uplowman and is listed as his mother. 

Uplowman: Whitnage
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Bodman - geograph.org.uk/p/65715

Monday, 22 February 2021

Edward Carpenter and Mary Winter

St Mary, Kentisbeare, Devon - Chancel
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/1726294

Edward Carpenter, baptised 31 May 1730, son of Hugh Carpenter and his wife Joan (maiden name unknown), married Mary Winter on 11 April 1748 at the Parish Church of St MaryKentisbeare. Edward and Mary were a pair of my 5th great-grandparents: my earliest ancestors in Devon [so far].

Marriages in 1748 | Edward Carpenter Mary Winter April 11th

Records suggest the couple had seven children: 
  1. William Carpenter bap. 1749
  2. Dorothy Carpenter bap. 1752 (buried 1752)
  3. Jenney Carpenter bap. 1755
  4. Thomas Carpenter bap. 1758
  5. Edward Carpenter bap. 1760
  6. Dolly Carpenter bap. 1764
  7. Hugh Carpenter bap. 1769
There's nothing in the records I've seen to date to suggest what occupation Edward had, neither has it been possible to find a record of his death. There are several deaths for a Mary Carpenter in Kentisbeare between 1774 and 1796, any of which could relate, but it hasn't been possible to identify which one it is. Likewise, trying to trace each of their children forward has either provided no further records beyond their baptisms, or where several records exist and no clues to narrow it down. Frustrating, but common problem.

Sunday, 21 February 2021

Henry Stone and Mary Ridgeway

Stawley from Ham Hill. Image: Chriscooke99, CC BY-SA 3.0

Henry Stone, son of William Stone and Mary Thorne, was baptised on 26 Oct 1828 in Langford Budville. In 1841, Henry Stone, age rounded to 10 (actually 13), is employed as a servant to the family of Richard and Martha Barton at Higher Wellesford, Langford Budville, Wellington, Somerset. 

"Richard Barton was born in Churchstanton, Somerset, in about 1817. I think that he was baptised at Otterford with his brother John Barton on 16th March 1817. He married Martha Surridge in Tiverton Registration District during 1841 and they were probably living at Langford Budville, Somerset, until at least 1844. At the time of the 1841 census Richard was farming at Higher Wellesford, Langford Budville. He was described as a twenty-year-old farmer, not born in the county of Somerset, and his wife, Martha, was aged twenty and born in that county." - Pedigree of the Bartons 

In 1851, Henry (21) is a servant (Farm Servant/Ag Lab) to the family of James and Elizabeth Talbot at Appley, Stawley, Wellington, Somerset.

Church of St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © David Smith - geograph.org.uk/p/5104522

On 24 Jan 1854, Henry Stone married Mary Ridgeway at her parish of Ashbrittle. Daughter of James Ridgeway and Mary Ann Lock, Mary Ridgeway was baptised on 28 Dec 1833 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle In 1841, Mary (7) is at home with her family, living in Ashbrittle Village, but in 1851, Mary (19) is working as a servant in the household of William Sweet at Appley Court, Appley, Stawley. Working there as an Ag Lab at the same time is 15 year old James Sprague, who it may be reasonable to suspect is a relative of Henry's father, William's second wife, Elizabeth Sprague. 

Appley Court Farm
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/3819363

Appley, Stawley

Henry and Mary Stone, a pair of my 2nd great-grandparents, had nine children, the first, Frederick James, is listed as born in Stawley, Somerset and the rest in Ashbrittle, Somerset. (Information taken from subsequent census and other records: not found either birth registrations or baptisms.)

  1. Frederick James Stone born 1855
  2. Henry William Stone born 1857 
  3. John Stone born 1858 
  4. Mary Ann Stone born 1860 
  5. Thomas Stone born 1862
  6. Harriet Stone born 1864 
  7. Francis Stone born 1867 
  8. Charles Stone born 8 Apr 1870 
  9. Lucy Jane Stone born 1873
Court Place, Ashbrittle
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/3819462

In 1861, Henry (31) and Mary (27) were also living in a Private Cottage at Court Place, as were Henry's parents at that time. With Henry and Mary were the four children born to date; Frederick (6), Henry (4), John (3) and Mary Ann (1), along with Jane Ridgeway (28), Sister-in-Law.

In 1871, with their address merely given as Cottage, Ashbrittle, are Henry and Mary with Mary Ann (12), Tom (9), Harriet (6), Francis (3) and Charles (1). The first three boys having left home already. Living next-door-but one was the family of John Ridgeway (relatives of Mary's, obviously) and then that of John Vickery. These three families remain intrinsically linked. 

By 1881, the family has moved to Lands Mill, Uplowman with Henry (51) and Mary (49). At home are Harriet (16), Francis (14), Charles (11) and Lucy Jane (8). Also living with the family are granddaughter, Ellen Snow (2) and Sister-in-Law, Jane Vickery (43). Visiting are Mary Ann Tarr (27) and Jane Tarr (22), General Servants. Lands Mill (now demolished) was part of the Widhayes estate and, as Henry was an agricultural labourer, I’m guessing that he was employed by Edward Chave at Widhayes Farm. The stable block, barn, linhay, gate house and farmhouse at Widhayes are Listed Buildings

Some of the listed buildings at Widhayes

Greengate Cottage

Mary Stone died, aged 52, on 28 Dec 1885 and was buried on 3 Jan 1886 at Uplowman. In 1891, Henry Stone (63), Widower, was living at Greengate Cottage in Uplowman. With him are daughter Harriet (25), son Francis (23), granddaughter, Ellen Snow (12) and grandson Francis (3).

Henry Stone died, aged 72, on 26 Nov 1901 and was buried on 30 Nov 1901 at Uplowman. Both Henry and Mary have been buried in the same plot in Uplowman Churchyard along with their son, John who had died in 1882. 

Grave of John, Mary and Henry Stone in Uplowman Churchyard.

Saturday, 20 February 2021

William Stone and Mary Thorne

Langford Budville : St Peter's Church
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Lewis Clarke - geograph.org.uk/p/4028563

William Stone (son of Thomas Stone and Dolly Carpenter, bap. 3 Nov 1799) married Mary Thorne on 3 Jul 1820 at St Peter's ChurchLangford Budville, Somerset. William and Mary Stone were some of my 3rd great-grandparents. Witnesses were Ann Waygood and William Bridges. The groom is described as a 'Sojourner' - temporarily residing in the parish - a blow in - which makes sense, as we know he was from Kentisbeare, over the border, in Devon. 

Records show three children, baptised in Langford Budville:

  1. William Stone bap. 1 Apr 1821
  2. Thomas Stone bap. 4 Jan 1824
  3. Henry Stone bap. 26 Oct 1828

Then Mary Stone (née Thorne) died - the burial record says she was aged 33 (b. 1799) - and was buried on 9 Sep 1832 at Langford Budville.

William Stone then remarried Elizabeth Sprague, from Ashbrittle, 10 years his junior, on 5 Feb 1834, also in Langford Budville. They had one daughter: 

  1. Mary Ann Stone, baptised 25 Dec 1834 in Langford Budville.
Court Place, Ashbrittle
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/3819462

In 1841, William (40), Elizabeth (30), William Jr (rounded down to 15) and Mary Anne (6) are living at Hill Cottage, Holcombe Rogus, Wellington. William is listed as M. S. (male servant) and Elizabeth as F. S. (female servant). 

In 1851, they are living at Trace BridgeAshbrittle with Mary Anne (16), who has become a 'Nurse Woman' and Henry Sprague (6), lodger, born in Exeter. 

Ashbrittle

In 1861, William Stone (62), Agricultural Labourer, and Betsy Stone (53) are living in a Private Cottage at Court Place, Ashbrittle, "Court Place Farm has been a feature of Somerset’s Tone Valley for centuries. Some of its pastures still bear the names they were given over five hundred years ago."

William Stone was buried on 7 Feb 1869 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle

Church of St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle and The Ancient Yew of Ashbrittle
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © David Smith - geograph.org.uk/p/5104522
A plaque near the tree declares, "Generations of local people have
cherished this tree, one of the oldest living things in Britain."

Friday, 19 February 2021

Thomas Stone and Dolly Carpenter

View from the village, Kentisbeare
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2793427

The earliest Stone ancestor who I can document my connection to in Devon is Thomas Stone (b. 1766) who married Dolly Carpenter (daughter of Edward Carpenter and Mary Winter, bap. 15 July 1764, at St Mary'sKentisbeare, Devon) on 5 Sep 1787. These were a pair of my 4th great-grandparents. 

There are records for nine children, all baptised in Kentisbeare: 

  1. Sally Stone baptised on 20 Apr 1788
  2. John Stone, born 6 Jan 1790, baptised 22 Jan 1792
  3. Henry Stone baptised 22 Jan 1792
  4. Hugh Stone baptised 25 Jul 1793 (buried 19 Nov 1802)
  5. William Stone baptised 26 Apr 1795 (buried 4 Apr 1796)
  6. Mary Stone baptised 2 Apr 1797 (buried 11 Apr 1813)
  7. William Stone baptised 3 Nov 1799
  8. Hugh Stone baptised 15 Feb 1803 (buried 13 Jan 1804)
  9. Elizabeth Stone baptised 7 Sep 1806

Dorothy Stone died, aged 49, and was buried at Kentisbeare on 9 May 1813. 

Thomas Stone remarried, also in Kentisbeare, on 17 Apr 1814 to Mary Hill (probably born around 1773-6). Witnesses to this marriage were Thomas Farnell and Elizabeth Hill. Thomas and Mary had three more children.

  1. Robert Stone baptised 16 Oct 1814
  2. John Stone baptised 10 Mar 1816
  3. Thomas Stone baptised 13 Sep 1818

Thomas Stone Sr died in 1838, aged 72 (from exhaustion, I shouldn't be surprised), and was buried in Kentisbeare on 26 Jan 1838.

In 1841, Mary Stone (65) is living in "Kentisbeer Village" with her sons Robert (30), John (26) and Thomas (23). And Mary Stone (78), Widow, Pauper, is still living in the village in 1851, but disappears after that.

Parish Church of St Mary, Kentisbeare
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2793492

In 1799, the year my 3rd great-grandfather, William Stone, was born in the village, Betty Limpany was executed in Exeter for burning down the house of her master, William Leech of Kentisbeare. According to Trewman's Exeter Flying Post of April 11th 1799, "She acknowledged her guilt, was very penitent, and behaved in a manner becoming her unhappy situation." 

But the film, Betty Limpany (1997), claims "Betty was said to be pregnant with the master's child and framed for a crime she didn't commit ..." It's also said that she was the last girl (at around 17) to be hanged in England.

It's a small enough village, so the Stones must have known about the house fire. Could they even have known Betty Limpany? Was she seduced by her master? Was she framed, or was she guilty? We'll never know, but for the people of Kentisbeare, it must have been the talk of village for a long time.

The film of the story has a character named "Village Idiot". Gotta wonder which family member was the inspiration for that important role? 😀

Fore Street, Kentisbeare
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2793712

Thursday, 18 February 2021

Thomas Staines and Sally Hockley

Wheatfields, Mountnessing, Essex
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Winfield - geograph.org.uk/p/37919

Sally Hockley, who was my 4th great-grand aunt, one of two children, only daughter of my 5th great-grandparents, Daniel Hockley and Sarah Turner, was baptised at St Mary the Virgin, Great Dunmow on 23 Dec 1787. Sally married Thomas Staines (son of Thomas Staines and Sarah Lewin, bap. 28 Mar 1790) on 20 Jan 1812 at her parish church in Great Dunmow. 

St Mary the Virgin, Great Dunmow, Essex - East end
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/1304107
January 20, 1812: THOMAS STAINES, Bachelor, of the Parish of Mountnessing in this County and SALLY HOCKLEY of this Parish, Spinster. Married in this Church by Banns. In the presence of Robert Hockley and Benjamin Cheek. [Source]

Robert Hockley, tailor and draper (bap. 1775) was Sally's 1st cousin - my 1st cousin 6 times removed - son of Robert Hockley, seedsman (1755-1807), who in turn was son of Robert Hockley, weaver (1723-1796), the earliest of the Hockley's we have been able to trace, my 6th great-grandfather.

Benjamin Cheek was a Boot and Shoe Maker, according to Pigot's Directory of Essex 1823. Is that significant to the later firm of F J Staines Footwear?

St Giles Church, Mountnessing
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/2444460

Thomas and Sally had eleven children in total, who were all baptised at St Giles, Mountnessing, where the family settled for many years: 

  1. Thomas Staines bap. 12 Dec 1813
  2. Sarah Staines bap. 23 Jul 1815
  3. William Staines bap. 23 Mar 1817
  4. John Staines bap. 11 Apr 1819
  5. George Staines bap. 10 Dec 1820
  6. Robert Staines bap. 13 Oct 1822
  7. Elizabeth Staines bap. 4 Apr 1824
  8. Mariah Staines bap. 6 Nov 1825
  9. Mary Staines bap. 28 Oct 1827
  10. Anne Staines bap. 31 Mar 1829
  11. Charles Staines bap. 21 Jun 1831

On the baptisms of Thomas, Sarah, William and John, their father is listed as a Shop Keeper. On those of George onwards, he's listed as a farmer. He's also listed as a farmer on Sarah's marriage to Henry Wilton in 1838.

Farm Buildings, Woodlands Farm, Mountnessing
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Winfield - geograph.org.uk/p/37921

In 1841, Thomas Staines (50), Farmer, is residing at Woodlands Farm [Thoby Lane], Mountnessing with wife Sally and six of their children; George (20), Robert (18), Maria (15), Mary (13), Ann (11) and Charles (9). 

Eldest son Thomas Staines married Eliza Lee in 1835 and went to live in High RodingSarah Staines had married Henry Wilton in 1838 and they could be found in the High Street, Great Dunmow; a William Staines of the right age, who was born in Mountnessing, is a farmer of 79 acres in Navestock, Essex; John Staines also appears to have left home and Elizabeth Staines, it would seem, sadly, had just died, aged 17, and was buried on 30 May 1841.

Mariah/Maria Staines, then 17, was witness (was she a bridemaid, perhaps?) at the marriage of my 3rd great-grandparents, Richard Wilton and Catherine Byatt at the Quaker Meeting House, Great Dunmow in 1843. 

A bride was typically assisted by one or two female attendants. The number tended to increase if the bride was of higher society. These women helped the bride in various ways – penning invitations, getting dressed – and one was designated the official witness for the parish registry. She could be married or unmarried. The term “bridesmaid” or more commonly “bridemaid” without the S, was in use since the 1500s. [Source]

In 1851, Thomas Staines (61), Farmer of 130 Acres, Employing 4 Labourers and 2 Boys, at Woodlands Farm, Mountnessing, with wife Sally. Still at home are George (30), Maria (25) and Ann (22). Mary Ann Wilton (5) is listed as Niece (could be an easy mistake if one of children is completing the census or responding to the enumerator for their parents), but she is Thomas and Sally's granddaughter (daughter of Henry Wilton and Sarah Staines), possibly staying with her grandparents as her mother was having another child in 1851. 

Ginge Petre Almshouses, Ingatestone (1840)
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Julian Osley - geograph.org.uk/p/3493906

By 1861, Thomas and Sally Staines have moved to Lord Peters (Sir William Petre) Alms Houses, Stone Field, Ingatestone, Chelmsford. Thomas (71) is now listed as being a Maltster and Corn Dealer. Still living at home are daughters Maria (32) and Anne (29) and visiting them are granddaughter, Elizabeth Staines (14) (daughter of William Staines) and their grandson, Henry Staines Wilton (20) (son of Henry Wilton and Sarah Staines).

Thomas Staines died, aged 79, and was buried, on 8 Feb 1870, in Ingatestone.

In 1871, Sally Staines, widow and annuitant, was living Nr The Maltings, Avenue Cottage with her daughter Anne (40), housekeeper and Fanny Hogg, boarder. Sally Staines (née Hockley) died, aged around 87, and was buried on 18 Mar 1875 at St Edmund and St Mary's Church, Ingatestone.