Sunday, 28 February 2021

Frederick James Stone and Loveday Jane Land

Bampton (Devon), Church of St Michael & All Angels
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Ben Brooksbank - geograph.org.uk/p/5006885

Frederick James Stone (b. 1854 in Stawley, Somerset), the eldest child of Henry Stone and Mary Ridgeway, married the delightfully-named, Loveday Jane Land (b. 1864), daughter of James Land and Rose Anna Beamer. Frederick (26) and Loveday (17) were married on 10 Oct 1881 at her Parish Church of St Michael & All Angels, Bampton in the County of Devon. Loveday's father, James Land, added his mark as one of the witnesses to the marriage.

Loveday is the Middle English form of the Anglo-Saxon name Léofdæg, derived from the Old English lēof ' "dear, loved"+ dæġ 'day'. Loveday was used as a given name during the Middle Ages in England, which has now become confined to Cornwall. [And as we can clearly see here, right through to the 19th Century in Devon too.]

In 1871, Frederick (16) was already working, as a servant, described as an 'Ag Lab Indoor', for Henry Oxenham at Chevithorne, Tiverton. The mind boggles at how you do agricultural labour indoors, but I think they probably mean lives inside the farmer's main accommodation, rather than outside in a cottage. Loveday was at home with her parents in High StreetBampton, Devon.

Farm buildings, Sellake
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2194600

In 1891, Frederick James (36) and Loveday (27) were living at Noblelimdrance, Rock, Halberton. Listed next on the census is Thomas Chave at West Sellake - Sellake farm, previously owned by Richard Chave, is a 16th Century Grade II* Listed Building in Halberton, Devon. Frederick's father worked for the Chave family at Widhayes in Uplowman, so I think we should entertain the possibility that this was the farm at which Frederick then worked as an Agricultural Labourer. And they've begun to acquire quite a brood: 

  1. Rose Anna Land Stone born 2 Aug 1880, bap. 13 Aug 1882 in Uplowman
  2. Bessie Ann Stone born 18 Jul 1882, bap. 13 Aug 1882 in Uplowman
  3. Loveday Jane Stone born 6 Apr 1884, bap. 27 Apr 1884 in Uplowman
  4. Mary Ann Stone born 1886 in Uffculme (seem to have missed baptism)
  5. Frederick James Stone born 27 Mar 1888, bap. 27 May 1888 in Uplowman
  6. John Charles Stone born 18 Jun 1890, bap. 27 Jul 1890 in Uplowman
  7. Florence May Stone born 26 Sep 1894, bap. 18 Oct 1894 in Halberton
  8. Laura Alice Stone born 9 Apr 1898, bap. 22 May 1898 in Uplowman
  9. Irene Venetta Stone born 15 Jul 1900, bap. 19 Aug 1900 in Uplowman
  10. Stanley William Stone born 7 Jan 1903, bap. 15 Feb 1903 in Uplowman
  11. Phillip Alfred Stone born 14 Jun 1909, bap. 11 Jul 1909 in Uplowman
Bridge over the River Lowman on the road to Chevithorne from Stagg Mill.
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Lewis Clarke - geograph.org.uk/p/1800621

In 1901, Frederick (46), Carter on Farm, and Loveday (37) with John Charles (10), Florence May (6), Laura Alice (2) and Irene Venetta (0) are living at Stagg MillUplowman. It is from here that their older daughters marry.

By 1911, they've gone full circle back to Berry, Chevithorne. With Frederick (56), Farm Labourer, and Loveday (47), are Frederick James (23), Florence May (16), Irene Venetta (Minnie) (10), Stanley William (8) and Phillip Alfred (1).

Frederick James Stone died on 21 Sep 1916, aged 62. Loveday Jane Stone died, on 21 Apr 1938, aged 74, in Bishops Lydeard, Somerset.

Mid Devon : Entrance to Berry Farm
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Lewis Clarke - geograph.org.uk/p/1214746

Thomas Middleton

East Anstey: Woodland by the entrance to Higher Radnidge Farm and Radnidge House.
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Bodman - geograph.org.uk/p/245346

Thomas Middleton (bap. 25 Jul 1841), was the youngest child of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker, and younger brother of Jane Middleton

In 1861, Thomas Middleton (19) was employed as a House Servant in the household of James Perryman at Higher Radnidge Farm, East Anstey

A Thomas Middleton married Harriett Collard on 7 Sep 1862 in Rackenford (would need certificate to prove), but can find no further record of them.

Saturday, 27 February 2021

Hugh Tapp and Harriet Middleton

Sheep pasture above Marledge
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/6143613

Harriet Middleton (bap. 4 May 1834, in Knowstone), daughter of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker and younger sister of Jane Middleton, married Hugh Tapp (christened on 22 Apr 1832 in Twitchen, Devon), in 1858 in South Molton registration district. Hugh was the son of Hugh Tapp and Ann Yendell, who had married in Twitchen on 27 Mar 1829, who in turn was son of Hugh Tapp and Joan Gunter, who married on 1 Apr 1799 in North Molton.

At home with his parents at Marledge in 1841, Hugh Tapp was then eldest of three surviving children: Hugh (9), John (5) and William (2). His grandparents, Hugh (77) and Joan (84) also lived at Marledge

Hugh's father died in 1846, aged just 47.

Twitchen: towards the church
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Bodman - geograph.org.uk/p/248809

By 1851, Hugh Tapp (17) was one of the labourers employed by Roger Buckingham, Farmer Of 70 Acres 2 Laborers, in Twitchen. James Buckingham, Hugh Buckingham, William and Roger Buckingham, as well as a John Tapp and a William Tapp, are all listed as farmers in Twitchen in WHITE'S DIRECTORY OF 1850. At that time, Harriet Middleton was employed as a general servant by George Gilliard at Sandyway, Exmoor, on the Devon & Somerset border.

By 1861, Hugh and Harriet Tapp were living at Hough, Twitchen, with their first two of their eventual seven children.
  1. John Tapp born 1859 
  2. Hugh Tapp born 1860
  3. Mary Ann Tapp born 1863
  4. William Tapp born 1866 (died 1870, aged 4)
  5. William Henry Tapp born 1870
  6. Henry Tapp born 1871
  7. Jane Tapp born 1873
They appear to have escaped the 1871 census, then Hugh Tapp himself died young in 1877, aged just 45. He was buried that year in Molland.

Widowed Harriet Tapp married Henry Blackford in South Molton, in 1879. 

In 1881, Harriet Blackford (48) and her two youngest children, Henry Tapp (10) and Jane Tapp (8), were living at Headgate, Twitchen. Still married, her husband is not in the household. Henry Blackford died, aged 66, in 1883. 

Widowed again, we next find Harriet Blackford (56), in 1891, employed as a female servant in the household of Charles Purchase in North Hensley, North Molton. So far, I haven't found a record of a death for Harriet Blackford, nor found her in a subsequent census. There is a marriage of a Harriet Blackford in 1894, so she may have married for the third time, but I haven't been able to find other records yet to confirm if this record definitely relates to her.

Friday, 26 February 2021

Robert Middleton and Mary Pyke

The Square, North Tawton
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2768080

Robert Middleton (bap. 4 Jun 1826 in Knowstone), son of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker, and elder brother of Jane Middleton, married Mary Pyke (bap. 1 Feb 1829), daughter of Hugh Pyke a Cordwainer, in the town of North Tawton in Devon and his wife, Elizabeth Ellis, in 1855. The marriage may well have taken place at her parish of St Peter's, North Tawton
A cordwainer is a shoemaker who makes new shoes from new leather. The cordwainer's trade can be contrasted with the cobbler's trade, according to a tradition in Britain that restricted cobblers to repairing shoes.
At home with her parents in Oakhampton Street, North Tawton, in 1841, Mary was the third of five children: John Pyke (15), Jane Pyke (14), Mary Pyke (11), Samuel Pyke (9) and Sarah Pyke (6). There was a further sister, Elizabeth Pyke, two years younger than Sarah. At that time, Robert Middleton, then 15, was already out working, as an Ag Lab, for William Follett at Bransford, Knowstone. 

Unable to find the couple in 1861, by the time we catch up with them in 1871, living in Sampford Courtenay, Robert was still employed as an Ag Lab, and in 1881, in Brightley, Okehampton, when Robert has become a Railway lab - Packer, we find they've been a bit busy. They have at least 7 children: 
  1. James Middleton born 1860  
  2. Thomas Middleton born 1862
  3. Sarah Ann Middleton born 1864
  4. Robert Middleton born 1867
  5. Mary Middleton born 1870
  6. William Middleton born 1873
  7. John Middleton born 1874
Robert Middleton died, aged 63, and was buried on 20 Jul 1889, in Okehampton. In 1891, the widowed Mary had moved into the household of her now married daughter, Mary, and her husband, John Lang, in Oakhampton and stayed with them for the rest of her life. In 1901, aged around 70, Mary was described as a Monthly nurse. Mary died in 1912, aged 84.

Thursday, 25 February 2021

Jane Middleton and William Flew and John Howe

Knowstone: Beaple’s Moor
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Bodman - geograph.org.uk/p/243695

Jane Middleton, baptised on 15 Mar 1829 in Knowstone, Devon, daughter of Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker, was my 2x great-grandmother. 

By 1841, then aged around 12, Jane had already left home and was working as a farm labourer for John Bucknell at Beaple's Barton. The still-important farmhouse is about one mile south west of Knowstone village, bordered to the south by Beaple's Moor and to the north by Beaple's Wood. 

Listed among the workers at Beaple's Barton at the same time was Thomas Baker (20), who may well have been a relative of Jane's mother. 

South Molton: The Square from the SE corner
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Martin Tester - geograph.org.uk/p/6294453

In 1851, however, Jane (20), is a Pauper inmate of The Workhouse in Church Lane, South Molton, along with her son, Robert, aged 1. Presumably, this was the only place she could go as a single mother and clearly she was either still there or back there in 1853/4 when she had her second son, William.

Jane actually had 4 children out of wedlock. Only one survived.
  1. Robert Middleton, born 1850, baptised on 3 Mar 1854, record marked 'dead' (abode given as 'Union', i.e. Workhouse) and buried on 6 Mar 1854 in Knowstone, aged 4 years. 
  2. William Middleton, born 1853, baptised 9 Feb 1854, record marked 'dead' (abode given as 'Union', i.e. Workhouse), buried 5 Mar 1854 in Knowstone, aged 8 months.
  3. Frederic Middleton, born 1858 and baptised (posthumously) on 3 Oct 1858 in West Anstey, and buried 20 Jan 1858 at St Peter’s ChurchRose Ash, Devon, aged 2 months.
  4. Emma Middleton, born 6 Aug 1862, bap. 5 Oct 1865, in West Anstey.
In 1861 Jane Middleton (32), was a House Servant in the employ of John Micks at Woods, Hill, West Anstey. (Woods Farm?) And 10 years later, in 1871, Jane (34) was Housekeeper to William Short (66) at Rowry, Molland, South Molton, Devon, with her daughter Emma (8) listed as a Boarder. 

Jane Middleton later married William Flew, widower, who was then aged 38, back at her own parish of St Peter's, Knowstone on 2 Sep 1875. On the record of the marriage, Jane is said to be 30. She was actually 46. 

However, only one year into the marriage, William Flew died, aged 40. He was buried on 5 Mar 1876, at All Saints Church, Rackenford. William also left four children from his first marriage; Thomas, Jane, Sarah and William. 

Jane Flew then married John Howe (or How) in the first quarter of 1877.

St Margaret's Church, Stoodleigh
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper
geograph.org.uk/p/2448281
John How, born 12 Mar 1842 to John How and Mary Ann Broom (who married in 1837 in Oakford, Devon), was baptised on 3 Apr 1842 in Stoodleigh, Devon. 
In 1851, at Hasswells Cottage, Stoodleigh, John was the second of six children; Mary Ann (11), John (9), Matilda (7), Ellen (5), Robert (2) and William (0). John's maternal grandmother, Mary Broom, widow (78), born in 1773, lived with the family.
John How Sr had been baptised on 13 Mar 1810, in the wonderfully named village of Huish Champflower in Somerset, the son of Nathaniel Howe and Joan Rogers, who had married on 25 Mar 1805 in Chipstable.

In 1881, John and Jane How were living at Babcott Cottage on the Stoodleigh Estate, Stoodleigh. John, an Agricultural Labourer, was 38. It says 49, but Jane was 52. John's parents, John and Mary Ann How, also lived in Stoodleigh at 1, Little Coleford. (Perhaps a cottage on Little Coleford Farm?)

In 1891, living at Habridge Cottages, Steart Road, Stoodleigh, John How (49) and Jane How (49 again, really 62), were joined by John's mother, Mary Ann (76), widow - John's father had died in 1887 - and William Henry Middleton (2), described as 'Wife's Daughter's Son'. My dad just called him Uncle Bill.

When my father had hand drawn a family tree for me some years ago, he had added John and Jane Howe with some of their dates, unlinked, at the bottom of the page. Clearly he knew of them (he was a small boy when John died), but didn't know who they were: that Jane was his great-grandmother.

Manley Bridge, Grand Western Canal, from the west
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Christine Johnstone - geograph.org.uk/p/4085587

By 1901, John and Jane Howe had moved to Manley Cottage, 2, Halberton - near to the Manley Bridge on the Grand Western Canal (here's what the property at 1 Manley Cottages looks like). John was 59 and Jane had clearly become tired of lying about her age, as she's listed accurately at 71. 

Jane Howe died in November 1905, she will have been 76.

In 1911, John Howe (69), Widower, was a boarder in the household of George Cockram at Marsh Cottages, Bolham Road, Tiverton, close to where Jane's daughter was living. John Howe died on 31 Mar 1927 at the age of 85.

Tuesday, 23 February 2021

Robert Middleton and Elizabeth Baker

St Peters Church, Knowstone
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/6092409

Another pair of my 3rd great-grandparents, Robert Medelton (sic) married Elizabeth Baker on 21 Sept 1821 in the parish of Knowstone, Devon. 

Spellings are always variable, but none more so than with Middleton / Medelton and it's variations, which I'm sure is as a result of the officiator writing down what they heard said in a thick West Country accent. 

Robert and Elizabeth had seven children, all of whom were baptised at St Peters Church, Knowstone, but only four survived infancy: 
  1. Elizabeth Medelton (sic) bap. 19 Jan 1823 (buried 23 May 1824)
  2. William Medelton (sic) bap. 13 Mar 1825 (buried 5 Jun 1825)
  3. Robert Medelton (sic) bap. 4 Jun 1826
  4. Jane Medelton (sic) bap. 15 Mar 1829
  5. Maria Middleton bap. 22 Jan 1832 (buried 21 Sep 1834)
  6. Harriot Medelton (sic) bap. 4 May 1834
  7. Thomas Middleton bap. 25 Jul 1841
In 1841, Robert (50), an Agricultural Labourer, and Elizabeth (40), are living, as are many other families, in "Part of Lower High Building" in Knowstone, with Harriet (7) and Thomas (0). By that point, Robert Jr was working, also as an Ag Lab, for William Follett at Bransford, Knowstone, while Jane (12), was similarly employed by John Bucknell at Beaple's Barton. 

It appears that Robert Middleton Sr died in the 1840s and we lose track of Elizabeth in the 1850s and 1860s, but catch up with her again in 1871, when Elizabeth Middleton (71), widow and annuitant, is a lodger in the household of George Bawden at Bawden Cottage, Knowstone. Elizabeth Middleton died, aged 73 and was buried on 31 Aug 1873, at St Peters Church, Knowstone.

James Ridgeway and Mary Ann Lock and James Marsh

Ashbrittle Village with Court Place Farm (foreground left)
Photo © Lewis Clarke (cc-by-sa/2.0)

James Ridgeway and Mary Ann Lock, a pair of my 3rd great-grandparents, married, on 29 Apr 1833, at the Church of St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle. Witnesses to this marriage were Henry Vickery and Elizabeth Webber.

The couple appear to have seven children, with records existing only for the baptisms of first two children; Mary in 1833 and James in 1835. Once civil registration had been introduced (in 1837), there are no more baptism records for the subsequent five children, but neither are there civil registrations for most (only for the sixth child, John, in 1847), just their listings on the census.
  1. Mary Ridgeway bap. 28 Dec 1833 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle
  2. James Ridgeway bap. 25 Oct 1835 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle
  3. Jane Ridgeway born 1839
  4. Harriet Ridgeway born 1841 
  5. Thomas Ridgeway born 1844
  6. John Ridgeway born 1847 (Died aged 4, buried 6 Aug 1851 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle)
  7. William Ridgeway born 1850 (Died aged 29, see below.)
In 1841, James Ridgway (32) and Ann Ridgeway (33), were living in Ashbrittle Village, with children; Mary (7), James (5), Jane (2) and Harriot (0). 


And in 1851, still living in Ashbrittle Village, we find James (45) and Ann (45), with Harriot (10), Thomas (7), John (4) and William (1). Mary (19) was a Servant of William Sweet at Appley Court, Appley, Stawley; James (15) had also left home and was working as a Servant in the household of Robert Venn at Little Tadbeer Farm, Ashbrittle; while Jane Ridgeway (12), was a Servant in the household of Robert Johns of Kittisford at Stawley, Somerset. 

James Ridgeway died in 1854, said to be aged around 44, and was buried on 18 Jun 1854 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle

In 1859 there are banns of a marriage, in Kittisford, between James Mash (sic) and Mary Ann Ridgway (sic). The banns for the same marriage read in Tiverton correctly identify him as James Marsh and her as Mary Ann Ridgeway. 

James Marsh, son of Richard and Mary Marsh, was baptised in Bampton, Devon on 31 Jul 1814. On 22 Mar 1840, James had married Mary Cruwys - also a widow - in Morebath. They had a child, Mary Marsh, born 1841 and that year were living at Exbridge, Morebath, along with three children from Mary's previous marriage. In 1851, they were still there with Mary (9) and three more children Elizabeth (7), Martha (5) and James (2). Mary Marsh died in 1858. 

In 1861, James Marsh (46), Anne [Mary Ann] Marsh (51) and William Ridgeway (11) were living at 'Cottage, Bampton Down, Bampton'. By 1861, Thomas Ridgeway (18), was employed as a Carter at Holcombe Barton, Holcombe Rogus. (Holcombe Barton Farm was part of the Manor of Holcombe Rogus of Holcombe Court, "the finest Tudor house in Devon.")

In 1871, still at 'Cottage, Bampton Down, Bampton', were James Marsh (60) and Mary Ann Marsh (62). William Ridgeway (21) Postman, was a lodger in Ashbrittle, in the household of William Cude (64) Carpenter & Builder. 

James Marsh died and was buried on 3 Jul 1871, in Bampton.

William Ridgeway died, aged 29, and was buried on 15 Mar 1879, in Uplowman.
Administration of the Personal Estate of William Ridgway late of Uplowman in the County of Devon Letter Carrier a Batchelor who died 9 Mar 1879 at Uplowman was granted at Exeter to Mary Ann Marsh of Uplowman Widow the Mother and only Next of Kin.
In 1881, Mary Ann Mash (sic) (74), Widow, is living with her son, Thomas Ridgeway, in Whitnage, Uplowman and is listed as his mother. In 1891, Mary A Marsh (83), was living with her daughter, Harriet Were (sic) (50), in Chettiscombe. Mary Ann Marsh died, in 1894, at the age of 86.

Monday, 22 February 2021

Edward Carpenter and Mary Winter

St Mary, Kentisbeare, Devon - Chancel
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/1726294

Edward Carpenter, baptised 31 May 1730, son of Hugh Carpenter and his wife Joan (maiden name unknown), married Mary Winter on 11 April 1748 at the Parish Church of St MaryKentisbeare. Edward and Mary were a pair of my 5th great-grandparents: my earliest ancestors in Devon [so far].

Marriages in 1748 | Edward Carpenter Mary Winter April 11th

Records suggest the couple had seven children: 
  1. William Carpenter bap. 25 Apr 1749
  2. Dorothy Carpenter bap. 29 May 1752 (buried 25 Jul 1752)
  3. Jenney Carpenter bap. 24 Aug 1755
  4. Thomas Carpenter bap. 18 Jun 1758
  5. Edward Carpenter bap. 9 Nov 1760
  6. Dolly Carpenter bap. 15 Jul 1764
  7. Hugh Carpenter bap. 6 Jan 1769
There's nothing in the records I've seen to date to suggest what occupation Edward had, neither has it been possible to find a record of his death. There are several deaths for a Mary Carpenter in Kentisbeare between 1774 and 1796, any of which could relate, but it hasn't been possible to identify which one it is. Likewise, trying to trace each of their children forward has either provided no further records beyond their baptisms, or where several records exist and no clues to narrow it down. Frustrating, but common problem.

Sunday, 21 February 2021

Henry Stone and Mary Ridgeway

Church of St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © David Smith - geograph.org.uk/p/5104522
A plaque near The Ancient Yew of Ashbrittle declares, "Generations of local people
have cherished this tree, one of the oldest living things in Britain."


Henry Stone, son of William Stone and Mary Thorne, married Mary Ridgeway, daughter of James Ridgeway and Mary Ann Lock, at her parish Church of St John the BaptistAshbrittle, on 24 Jan 1854. 

Henry and Mary Stone, a pair of my 2nd great-grandparents, had nine children, the first, Frederick James, is listed as being born in Stawley and the rest in Ashbrittle, Somerset. All were baptised at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle.

  1. Frederick James Stone baptised 25 Dec 1854
  2. Henry William Stone baptised 13 Jul 1856 
  3. John Stone baptised 23 May 1858 
  4. Mary Ann Stone baptised 5 Feb 1860 
  5. Tom Stone born 11 Dec 1861, baptised 4 Feb 1862
  6. Harriet Stone baptised 2 Apr 1865 
  7. Francis Stone born 1 Feb 1867, baptised 3 Mar 1867
  8. Charles Stone born 8 Apr 1869, baptised 9 May 1869
  9. Lucy Jane Stone born 11 Apr 1872, baptised 26 May 1872
Court Place, Ashbrittle
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/3819462

In 1861, Henry (31) and Mary (27) were also living in a Private Cottage at Court Place, as were Henry's parents at that time. With Henry and Mary were the four children born to date; Frederick (6), Henry (4), John (3) and Mary Ann (1), along with Jane Ridgeway (28), Sister-in-Law (Mary's sister).

In 1871, with their address merely given as Cottage, Ashbrittle, were Henry and Mary with Mary Ann (12), Tom (9), Harriet (6), Francis (3) and Charles (1). The first three boys having left home already. Living next-door-but one was the family of John Ridgeway (relatives of Mary's, obviously) and then that of John Vickery. These three families remain intrinsically linked. 

In 1875, the family were living in Hill, Huntsham, according to son Francis Stone's school record, when he was enrolled at Huntsham County Primary School that year. At the time he left school in 1879, Francis was attending school in Chevithorne, so presumably the family had relocated there.

By 1881, the family had moved to Lands Mill, Uplowman with Henry (51) and Mary (49), Harriet (16), Francis (14), Charles (11) and Lucy Jane (8), granddaughter, Ellen Snow (2) and widowed Sister-in-Law, Jane Vickery (43). Visiting were Mary Ann Tarr (27) and Jane Tarr (22), General Servants. 

Lands Mill (now demolished) was part of the Widhayes estate and, my guess is that Henry was employed by Edward Chave at Widhayes Farm. The stable block, barn, linhay, gate house and farmhouse at Widhayes are Listed Buildings

Some of the listed buildings at Widhayes

Mary Stone died, aged 52, on 28 Dec 1885 and was buried on 3 Jan 1886 at Uplowman. In 1891, Henry Stone (63), Widower, was living at Greengate Cottage in Uplowman. With him are daughter Harriet (25), son Francis (23), granddaughter, Ellen Snow (12) and grandson Francis (3) (Harriet's son).

Henry Stone died, aged 72, on 26 Nov 1901 and was buried on 30 Nov 1901 at Uplowman. Both Henry and Mary have been buried in the same plot in Uplowman Churchyard along with their son, John who had died in 1882. 

Grave of John, Mary and Henry Stone in Uplowman Churchyard.

Saturday, 20 February 2021

Robert Stone and Jane Farnel

Parish Church of St Mary, Kentisbeare
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2793492

Robert Stone (bap. 1814), son of Thomas Stone and his second wife, Mary Hill, married Jane Farnel (sic) on 3 Oct 1844 at the Parish Church in Kentisbeare, Devon. A Thomas Farnell had been a witness to Robert's parents' marriage, so it's a possibility that these families had known to each other for many years.

Robert and Jane had a daughter, Marianne, bap. 15 Jun 1845 in Kentisbeare. 

Then Robert Stone died, aged 31, and was buried on 27 Dec 1846.

William Stone and Mary Thorne and Elizabeth Sprague

Langford Budville : St Peter's Church
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Lewis Clarke - geograph.org.uk/p/4028563

William Stone (son of Thomas Stone and Dolly Carpenter, bap. 3 Nov 1799) married Mary Thorne on 3 Jul 1820 at St Peter's ChurchLangford Budville, Somerset. William and Mary Stone were some of my 3rd great-grandparents. Witnesses were Ann Waygood and William Bridges. The groom is described as a 'Sojourner' - temporarily residing in the parish - a blow in - which makes sense, as we know he was from Kentisbeare, over the border, in Devon. 

Records show they had three children, all baptised in Langford Budville:

  1. William Stone bap. 1 Apr 1821
  2. Thomas Stone bap. 4 Jan 1824
  3. Henry Stone bap. 26 Oct 1828 

Mary Stone (née Thorne) died - the burial record says she was aged 33 (b. 1799) - and was buried on 9 Sep 1832 at Langford Budville. Given her age and the timing, I'd imagine there's at least an evens chance that Mary died having a fourth child, although I've not found a relevant record to support this.

William Stone then remarried Elizabeth Sprague, from Ashbrittle, 10 years his junior, on 5 Feb 1834, also in Langford Budville. They had one daughter: 

  1. Mary Ann Stone, baptised 25 Dec 1834 in Langford Budville.
Court Place, Ashbrittle
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Roger Cornfoot - geograph.org.uk/p/3819462

In 1841, William (40), Elizabeth (30), William Jr (rounded down to 15) and Mary Anne (6) are living at Hill Cottage, Holcombe Rogus, Wellington. William is listed as M. S. (male servant) and Elizabeth as F. S. (female servant). In 1841, Henry Stone, age rounded down to 10 (actually 13), was employed as a servant to the family of Richard and Martha Barton at Higher Wellesford, Langford Budville,. 

"Richard Barton was born in Churchstanton, Somerset, in about 1817. I think that he was baptised at Otterford with his brother John Barton on 16th March 1817. He married Martha Surridge in Tiverton Registration District during 1841 and they were probably living at Langford Budville, Somerset, until at least 1844. At the time of the 1841 census Richard was farming at Higher Wellesford, Langford Budville. He was described as a twenty-year-old farmer, not born in the county of Somerset, and his wife, Martha, was aged twenty and born in that county." - Pedigree of the Bartons 

In 1851, William and Elizabeth were living at Trace BridgeAshbrittle with Mary Anne (16), who has become a 'Nurse Woman' and Henry Sprague (6), lodger, born in Exeter, while Henry (21) was a servant (Farm Servant/Ag Lab) to James and Elizabeth Talbot at Appley, Stawley, Wellington, Somerset.

In 1861, William Stone (62), Agricultural Labourer, and Betsy Stone (53) are living in a Private Cottage at Court Place, Ashbrittle, "Court Place Farm has been a feature of Somerset’s Tone Valley for centuries. Some of its pastures still bear the names they were given over five hundred years ago."

William Stone was buried on 7 Feb 1869 at St John the Baptist, Ashbrittle

Friday, 19 February 2021

Thomas Stone and Dolly Carpenter

Fore Street, Kentisbeare
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Derek Harper - geograph.org.uk/p/2793712

The earliest Stone ancestor who I can document my connection to in Devon is Thomas Stone (b. 1766) who married Dolly Carpenter (daughter of Edward Carpenter and Mary Winter, bap. 15 July 1764, at St Mary'sKentisbeare, Devon) on 5 Sep 1787. These were a pair of my 4th great-grandparents. 

There are records for nine children, all baptised in Kentisbeare: 

  1. Sally Stone baptised on 20 Apr 1788
  2. John Stone, born 6 Jan 1790, baptised 22 Jan 1792
  3. Henry Stone baptised 22 Jan 1792
  4. Hugh Stone baptised 25 Jul 1793 (buried 19 Nov 1802)
  5. William Stone baptised 26 Apr 1795 (buried 4 Apr 1796)
  6. Mary Stone baptised 2 Apr 1797 (buried 11 Apr 1813)
  7. William Stone baptised 3 Nov 1799
  8. Hugh Stone baptised 15 Feb 1803 (buried 13 Jan 1804)
  9. Elizabeth Stone baptised 7 Sep 1806

Dorothy Stone died, aged 49, and was buried at Kentisbeare on 9 May 1813. 

Thomas Stone remarried, also in Kentisbeare, on 17 Apr 1814 to Mary Hill (probably born around 1773-6). Witnesses to this marriage were Thomas Farnell and Elizabeth Hill. Thomas and Mary had three more children.

  1. Robert Stone baptised 16 Oct 1814
  2. John Stone baptised 10 Mar 1816
  3. Thomas Stone baptised 13 Sep 1818

Thomas Stone Sr died in 1838, aged 72 (from exhaustion, I shouldn't be surprised), and was buried in Kentisbeare on 26 Jan 1838.

In 1841, Mary Stone (65) is living in "Kentisbeer Village" with her sons Robert (30), John (26) and Thomas (23). And Mary Stone (78), Widow, Pauper, is still living in the village in 1851, but disappears after that.

In 1799, the year my 3rd great-grandfather, William Stone, was born in the village, Betty Limpany was executed in Exeter for burning down the house of her master, William Leech of Kentisbeare. According to Trewman's Exeter Flying Post of April 11th 1799, "She acknowledged her guilt, was very penitent, and behaved in a manner becoming her unhappy situation." 

But the film, Betty Limpany (1997), claims "Betty was said to be pregnant with the master's child and framed for a crime she didn't commit ..." It's also said that she was the last girl (at around 17) to be hanged in England.

It's a small enough village, so the Stones must have known about the house fire. Could they even have known Betty Limpany? Was she seduced by her master? Was she framed, or was she guilty? We'll never know, but for the people of Kentisbeare, it must have been the talk of village for a long time.

The film of the story has a character named "Village Idiot". Gotta wonder which family member was the inspiration for that important role? 😀

Thursday, 18 February 2021

Thomas Staines and Sally Hockley

St Mary the Virgin, Great Dunmow, Essex - East end
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/1304107
January 20, 1812: THOMAS STAINES, Bachelor, of the Parish of Mountnessing in this County and SALLY HOCKLEY of this Parish, Spinster. Married in this Church by Banns. In the presence of Robert Hockley and Benjamin Cheek. [Source]

Sally Hockley (bap. on 23 Dec 1787), daughter of Daniel Hockley and Sarah Turner, married Thomas Staines (bap. 28 Mar 1790)son of Thomas Staines and Sarah Lewin, on 20 Jan 1812 at St Mary the Virgin, Great Dunmow. Witnesses to their marriage were Robert Hockley, tailor and draper (bap. 1775), who was Sally's 1st cousin, son of Robert Hockley, seedsman (1755-1807), who in turn was son of Robert Hockley, weaver (1723-1796). Benjamin Cheek was a Boot and Shoe Maker, according to Pigot's Directory of Essex 1823

(Is that significant to the later firm of F J Staines Footwear?)

St Giles Church, Mountnessing
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/2444460

Thomas and Sally had eleven children in total, who were all baptised at St Giles, Mountnessing, where the family settled for many years: 

  1. Thomas Staines bap. 12 Dec 1813
  2. Sarah Staines bap. 23 Jul 1815
  3. William Staines bap. 23 Mar 1817
  4. John Staines bap. 11 Apr 1819
  5. George Staines bap. 10 Dec 1820
  6. Robert Staines bap. 13 Oct 1822
  7. Elizabeth Staines bap. 4 Apr 1824
  8. Mariah Staines bap. 6 Nov 1825
  9. Mary Staines bap. 28 Oct 1827
  10. Anne Staines bap. 31 Mar 1829
  11. Charles Staines bap. 21 Jun 1831

On the baptisms of Thomas, Sarah, William and John, their father is listed as a Shop Keeper. On those of George onwards, he's listed as a farmer. He's also listed as a farmer on Sarah's marriage to Henry Wilton in 1838.

Farm Buildings, Woodlands Farm, Mountnessing
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Winfield - geograph.org.uk/p/37921

In 1841, Thomas Staines (50), Farmer, is residing at Woodlands Farm [Thoby Lane], Mountnessing with wife Sally and six of their children; George (20), Robert (18), Maria (15), Mary (13), Ann (11) and Charles (9). Eldest son Thomas Staines married Eliza Lee in 1835 and went to live in High RodingSarah Staines had married Henry Wilton in 1838 and they could be found in the High Street, Great Dunmow; a William Staines of the right age, who was born in Mountnessing, is a farmer of 79 acres in Navestock, Essex; John Staines also appears to have left home and Elizabeth Staines, it would seem, sadly, had just died, aged 17, and was buried on 30 May 1841.

In 1851, Thomas Staines (61), Farmer of 130 Acres, Employing 4 Labourers and 2 Boys, at Woodlands Farm, Mountnessing, with wife Sally. Still at home are George (30), Maria (25) and Ann (22). Mary Ann Wilton (5) is listed as Niece (could be an easy mistake if one of children is completing the census or responding to the enumerator for their parents), but she is Thomas and Sally's granddaughter (daughter of Henry Wilton and Sarah Staines), possibly staying with her grandparents as her mother was having another child in 1851. 

Ginge Petre Almshouses, Ingatestone (1840)
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Julian Osley - geograph.org.uk/p/3493906

By 1861, Thomas and Sally Staines have moved to Lord Peters (Sir William Petre) Alms Houses, Stone Field, Ingatestone, Chelmsford. Thomas (71) is now listed as being a Maltster and Corn Dealer. Still living at home are daughters Maria (32) and Anne (29) and visiting them are granddaughter, Elizabeth Staines (14) (daughter of William Staines) and their grandson, Henry Staines Wilton (20) (son of Henry Wilton and Sarah Staines).

Thomas Staines died, aged 79, and was buried, on 8 Feb 1870, in Ingatestone.

In 1871, Sally Staines, widow and annuitant, was living Nr The Maltings, Avenue Cottage with her daughter Anne (40), housekeeper and Fanny Hogg, boarder. Sally Staines (née Hockley) died, aged around 87, and was buried on 18 Mar 1875 at St Edmund and St Mary's Church, Ingatestone.

Wednesday, 17 February 2021

Stephen Thomas Wilton and Sarah Anna Laver

St John the Baptist, Crondall Street, Hoxton
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/2624795

Stephen Thomas Wilton, like his brother, Henry Staines Wilton, was my 1st cousin 4 times removed. Unlike his older brother, who died leaving a large fortune, Stephen Thomas Wilton committed suicide. The newspaper reports of the time give more graphic detail than we're used to today, so I feel it's fair to issue a trigger warning. Please DON'T read on if it may cause you distress. 

St John the Baptist, Crondall Street, Hoxton
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Salmon - geograph.org.uk/p/2624595

Stephen Thomas Wilton married Sarah Anna Laver (b. 1854) on 21 Feb 1874 in Shoreditch at the church of St. John the Baptist, Hoxton. Reported in The Essex Standard, West Suffolk Gazette, and Eastern Counties' Advertiser of Friday, February 27, 1874, it states that Sarah Anna was the second daughter of the late Mr. John Laver, of Felsted [and his wife Caroline Stevenson]. 

Stephen and Sarah had five children:
  1. Thomas Stephen Wilton born 1st quarter of 1875, bap 9 Apr 1875
  2. Miriam Stevenson Wilton born 2nd quarter of 1877
  3. Henrietta Staines Wilton  born 1st quarter of 1879, bap 16 Apr 1879
  4. Ethel Maud Wilton born in the 3rd quarter of 1882, in Dunmow 
  5. William Laver Wilton born 4th quarter of 1883, in Dunmow
Second child of Henry Wilton and Sarah Staines, Stephen Thomas Wilton was baptised on 29 May 1842 at St Giles Church, Mountnessing. In 1861, Stephen (19), at home with his parents in the High Street, Great Dunmow was already listed as a Cabinet Maker. Still there in 1871, Stephen Thos., aged 29, was once again described as a Cabinet Maker. The Post Office Directory of Essex 1874 also listed Stephen Thomas Wilton as a cabinet maker.

Then in 1881, Stephen T Wilton (39), Upholsterer, is listed at the Furnishing Warehouse, High Street, Great Dunmow, with wife Sarah A (26), Thomas S (6), Miriam S (4) and Henrietta S (2) and Lizzie Turner (15), General Servant.

The Essex Newsman on 16 Sep 1882 reported that Mr Robert Low, livery-stable keeper and proprietor of the Dunmow Temperance Hotel (this was the White Lion, High Street, Dunmownow in retail use), was summoned for being drunk while in charge of a horse and cart on the highway at Great Dunmow on Wednesday, 30 Aug. [Yes, I'll wait while you ponder the irony of the proprietor of a temperance establishment being drunk.] The point of mentioning this case is that the horse and cart, we were told, were the property of Mr. Stephen Wilton. Stephen maybe didn't have the best sort of friends.

Or relatives? Robert Low, on this occasion, had driven said horse and cart into the The Chequers Inn, where one of our possible relatives, William Hockley, had once been hostler. And William Hockley's second wife and Stephen's uncle, Richard Wilton's mother-in-law, had both originally been named Stokes ...
In 1883, John Stokes of Great Dunmow, thatcher, was charged with obtaining a hayfork, value 2s. 2d., from Mr. Stephen T. Wilton, ironmonger, at Dunmow on the 11th July. The prisoner went to plaintiff's shop and represented to a youth in charge that he was going to thatch Mr. H. Wilton's stack (complainant's father's), and was sent by him for a fork. A fork was supplied, and the statement was found to be false. The magistrate consented to the case being settled out of court on defendant paying the costs, 6s. 2d., which he gladly did.
So after many years working as a Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer, it would appear that Stephen Wilton had changed his trade to ironmongery.

59, Maury Road, Clapton/Stoke Newington, Hackney
Essex Newsman 21 June 1884
DISTRESSING SUICIDE OF A TRADESMAN
On Saturday Dunmow was startled by the news that Mr. S. T. Wilton of 59, Maury Road, Stoke Newington, London, had died early that morning. The news was transmitted by telegraph to his father, Mr. Hy. Wilton, harness maker, and later it transpired that the deceased had risen about four o'clock that morning and cut his throat in his own kitchen. Mr. S. T. Wilton had for some years carried on the business of a cabinet maker at the Furniture Warehouse, High Street, Dunmow, until as late as the end of April, when his stock in trade was sold by auction by Mr. Jackson. It had been his intention to join with Mr. Robt. M. Low, of the Temperance Hotel, in taking a large mineral water business in London, but somehow the matter fell through; but deceased had the appointment of manager. The deceased leaves a widow (formerly Miss Laver, of Felsted) and five young children, the youngest an infant. The greatest sympathy is felt for his relatives at Dunmow, especially for his father, who has lived in the town all his life, and earned great respect.
Report from the Hackney and
Kingsland Gazette 16 June 1884
Hackney and Kingsland Gazette 16 June 1884
SAD SUICIDE AT CLAPTON
On Saturday morning a distressing suicide occurred at 59, Maury Road, Clapton. The occupier, Mr. Stephen Thomas Wilton, 42, lately gave up business as a cabinet maker and, it is stated, intended entering the mineral water trade. He appeared, however, to have suffered slightly from some form of mental derangement, and on Friday night was unusually restless. About four o'clock on Saturday he got up, and his wife asked him to make her a cup of coffee. He went downstairs, as she thought with this object, but as he did not return in a reasonable time, she also went down to the kitchen, and, to her horror, saw him standing over the sink, with the blood streaming from a large gash in his throat. A medical man was sent for, but death took place before he arrived.

"He appeared, however, to have suffered slightly from some form of mental derangement ...". FFS! If 'suffering slightly' ends up in suicide, I hate to think what the result might have been if he'd suffered greatly!  

His widow, Sarah, didn't remarry. In 1901, we find her living at 1, Poulteney Road, Wanstead, with three of her children; Miriam, Ethel and William with hers and her daughters' occupations listed as Dressmaker. And in 1911, not far away at 35 Marlborough Road, South Woodford, with just Ethel remaining at home, who's occupation is given as "Assisting in Dressmaker business."

Sarah Anna Wilton died in 1936, aged 81. 

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If you're related to any of the people written about, I'm guessing you'll recognise them from the surnames. If you are, do please get in touch.