Showing posts with label Bawden. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Bawden. Show all posts

Monday, 7 June 2021

John Bawden and Mary Ann Burn Trevail

Roseny Mill
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Phil Williams - geograph.org.uk/p/195972
An old millstone can be seen on the lawn at left.

Mary Ann Burn Trevail, 2nd daughter of Joseph Trevail and Jane Rundle, married John Bawden (bap. 3 Apr 1837 in Lanlivery), son of John Bawden and Elizabeth Giles (m. 4 Oct 1823 in Lanivet), at Luxulyan Parish Church, on 7 Jan 1861. Mary Ann's elder sister, Ellen Trevail, was bridesmaid at the wedding.

At the time of the 1861 census, newlyweds John (24) and Mary Ann (19) were living in the household of his parents, a miller at Lanlivery. The address in 1851 was given as Rosnea Mill, Lanlivery. Roseney Mill is today used as an AirBnB

Then John Bawden Snr died in 1862 and whether that had anything to do with their decision, but on 10 Dec 1862, John Bawden (25), Mary Ann and their infant son, Nicholas (bap. 6 Apr 1862 at Lanlivery), embarked in London aboard the ship, the Huntress. They arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand on 21 Apr 1863, after what must have been a nightmare journey of 130+ days

Between the tactless and unpopular captain, quarrels and firearms being drawn, much discontent about the way victuals were cooked and a terrible cyclone just south of the equator, when passengers were all locked up in their quarters (for their protection, undoubtedly, but equally frightening), when, "The ship reared almost perpendicularly bows or stern up or down, also rolling sideways, and all ways, in a most alarming manner", this was certainly no pleasure cruise.

Travelling with them on the same voyage was Mary Ann's sister, Ellen (22), her husband James Higgs (24) and their infant daughter, Maria Jane. Each couple contributed £17 towards the £26 for the cost of the passage as assisted emigration. £17 in 1862 is worth £2,120 today. A large investment.

On the voyage there were "15 deaths, all children with the exception of one young women aged 17 and a boy belonging to the ship". Nicholas Bawdin (sic), died, aged 16 months, in New Zealand, in 1863. Well, the death was registered in New Zealand, so could he have been one of those grim statistics? 

The Lyttelton portal of the Lyttelton Rail Tunnel with construction workers in 1867

At the end of their arduous journey, John Bawden undertook strenuous, heavy manual work digging the Lyttelton Rail Tunnel - the first tunnel in the world to be taken through the side of an extinct volcano - completed 1867 and, in 1921, John was "one of the last survivors of that little band of tunnel workers."

Although the Trevails were farmers, not miners, reading how Cornish Miners were going to New Zealand for new lives and to work on this project when and because the tin mines closed in Cornwall - and one can imagine much local talk and newspaper coverage of that in Cornwall - probably explains where they will have got the information and ideas to make the decision to emigrate.

John and Mary Ann Bawden had 10 children in total, seven sons and two daughters survived: 
  1. Nicholas Bawden bap. 6 Apr 1862 at Lanlivery, Cornwall (died, aged 16 months, in 1863 in New Zealand)
  2. Mary Jane Bawden born 1864 in New Zealand
  3. John Bawden born 1866 in New Zealand
  4. Henry Bawden born 1868 in New Zealand
  5. Joseph Bawden born 1869 in New Zealand
  6. Alfred Bowden (sic) born 1872 in New Zealand
  7. Charles Bowden (sic) born 1874 in New Zealand
  8. Samuel Nicholas Bowden (sic) born 1876 in New Zealand
  9. Emma Bawden born 1878 in New Zealand
  10. William Bowden (sic) born 1883 in New Zealand
Mary Ann Burn Trevail Bawden died on 5 Jan 1921, aged 79-80. Sadly, Mary Ann just missed her diamond wedding anniversary by two days, because the marriage certificate shows that they were married on 7th Jan (not 2nd as it says in the article). Mary Ann is buried at Lyttelton Anglican Cemetery

John Bawden died on 14 Aug 1929, aged 91, and is buried with his wife.

The obituary for John Bawden lists their eldest daughter as Mrs M Lewis: Mary Jane Bowden (sic) had married Isaac Lewis in 1894. And their younger daughter as Mrs E Ballard: Emma Bowden (sic) married Walter Charles Ballard in 1906.