Inherited Craziness
A place to share all the nuts found on my family tree

Showing posts with label Hitchin. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Hitchin. Show all posts

Squire Day, Sarah Hobbs and Mary Ann Dear

St Mary's Church, Hitchin
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Lucas -

Squire Day (bap. 28 May 1797 in Ickleford, Hertfordshire), son of George Day and Mary Watson, married Sarah Hobbs (b. 28 Feb 1796 bap. 29 Apr 1796 at the Hitchin, Back Street Meeting), the daughter of Samuel Emly Hobbs and Elizabeth Saunders, in Hitchin, on 5 May 1819.

Squire as a boy's name is of Middle English origin, apparently.

Squire and Sarah had 6 children, baptised at the Hitchin, Back Street Meeting (The Independent Meeting House at Back Street, Hitchin):
  1. John Day b. 27 Dec 1820, bap. 25 Mar 1821 
  2. George Hobbs Day b. 27 Feb 1822, bap. 31 Mar 1822
  3. Martha Hobbs Day b. 26 Feb 1826, bap. 20 May 1827. Died, aged 12, in 1838 J Quarter in THE HITCHIN UNION Volume 06 Page 411
  4. Alfred Day b. 17 Jun 1828, bap. 14 Sep 1828
  5. Phoebe Emma Day b. 4 Mar 1830, bap. 18 Apr 1830
  6. Elizabeth Hobbs Day b. 22 Jun 1833, bap. 26 Jan 1834
Sarah Day must have died between 1833 and 1837, but no record found.

Squire Day, Widower, son of George Day, Carpenter, then married Mary Ann Dear, Spinster, said to be daughter of William Dear, Carpenter, both of Back Street, Hitchin, at the Parish Church of St Mary's, Hitchin, on 20 Jul 1837.

Squire and Mary Ann added another four children:
  1. Martha Dear Day b. 1839 M Qtr in HITCHIN UNION Vol 06 Page 500
  2. Mary Ann Day b. 1841 M Qtr in HITCHIN UNION Vol 06 Page 540
  3. Squire Day b. 1843 S Qtr in HITCHIN UNION Vol 06 Page 534
  4. Sarah Elizabeth Day b. 1846 M Qtr in HITCHIN Vol 06 Page 578
In 1841, in Back of Street, Hitchin, were Squire Day (40) Grocer [1], Mary Ann Day (35), John Day (20), George Day (18), Martha Day (3), Mary Ann Day (0), Mary Kofford (20) Female Servant and John Taylor (20), who in perfect nominative determinism, was a Tailor. They were living next door to John Gascoine, Victualler, but that's probably unremarkable because these streets appear to have one been full of now lost pubs. Also among their closest neighbours were a Fish Monger, two Bakers and a Shoe Maker.

[1] First wife Sarah's father, Samuel Emly Hobbs, had also been a grocer, declared bankrupt in 1829, so he may have taken over this business.

Back of Street, or Back Street, is described in this document on Hitchin Conservation Area (PDF): "A subsidiary road developed parallel to the market place on the east side of the River Hiz, probably from the 12th century onwards. Formerly called Back Street, and at its southern end, Dead Street. Biggin Lane and Portmill Lane connected the market place with Back Street and Dead Street respectively. Their name was changed to the more salubrious Queen Street in the 19th century. Queen Street was also the site of many houses, cottages and other buildings which were located close to St Mary’s Church, and which were swept away in the slum clearance of the 1920s. 

In 1851, in Back Street, Hitchin, were Squire Day (52) Grocer from Ickleford, Hertfordshire; Mary Ann Day (47) from East Barnet, Hertfordshire; Martha Day (12), Mary Ann Day (10), Squire Day (8) and Sarah Day (5).

In 1861, Squire Day (63) Upholsterer and lodging house keeper was running the Travellers Rest, Back Street, Hitchin, Hertfordshire with Mary Ann Day (56), Mary Ann Day (20) Bonnet Sewer; Squire Day (17) Boot and shoe makers apprentice; Sarah Day (15) Bonnet Sewer and 19 Lodgers.

In 1871, Squire Day (74) Upholsterer and lodging house keeper, was still in Back Street, Hitchin with Mary Ann Day (65), Mary Ann Day (29) Bonnet Sewer; Sarah E Day (25) Milliner; Alfred J Day (19) Reporter and Arthur S Day (15) Photographic Artist, these last two grandsons, sons of John Day.

Squire Day died, at 81, in 1878 S Quarter in HITCHIN Volume 03A Page 228.

In 1881, M A [Mary Ann] Day (76) Lodging house keeper was still running the Traveller's Rest in Back Street, Hitchin with Mary A Day (39) assistant; Susan White (44) General Servant, Henry White (10) and 13 Boarders.

Mary Ann Day died at 79 in 1884 M Qtr in HITCHIN Vol 03A Page 256.

Thomas William Colwill and Olivia Trevail

St George's, Hanover Square
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Anthony O'Neil -

Olivia Trevail, daughter of Joseph Trevail and Jane Rundle, in 1871, aged 20, was in service as a kitchen maid in the household of Francis Gosling (1837-1910), Banker, at Wellbury House, Great Offley, near Hitchin in Hertfordshire. (Goslings Bank was one of the banks merged into Barclays Bank in 1896). In 1886, she married Thomas William Colwill at St George, Hanover Square. 

In 1891, Thomas Colwill (29) Labourer joiner, living at Chichester Street, St George Hanover Square, with wife Olivia (33), son Harry (2), as well as four boarders: Charles Usher (26), Walter Wilham (35), Constance Wilham (25) and Ernest Aller (24), claimed to be from Taunton, Somerset. He wasn't.

Following the clues, we discover that Thomas William Colwill, born in Pimlico in 1861, was the son of Henry Colwill, Joiner, and Mary White - who married in Wells, Somerset, in 1857. They must have travelled back to Somerset, where Thomas William was baptised at the Church of St Thomas, Wells, in 1861. 

By 1901, Thomas Collwell (sic) (39) Builder's foreman, living at 24, Back Common Road, Lake Avenue Terrace, Chiswick, with Olivia (36), Harry (12) and Elsie (4), had remembered that he was born in Pimlico.

Thomas and Olivia had just those two children:
  1. Harry George Colwill born 1888 in Pimlico
  2. Elsie Mary Colwill born 1896 in Dalston
In 1911, Thomas Colwill (49) Foreman Joiner, Olivia (53), Harry (22) Joiner and Elsie (14), are at 21 Slowmans Cottages, Ashingdon Road, Rochford, Essex. 

Thomas W Colwill died, aged 69, in 1930, in Croydon.

Olivia Colwell died, aged 83, in 1937, also in Croydon.

John Day and Ellen Wilton

View from Market Square in Hitchin, with St Mary's Church in the background
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © John Lucas -

John Day (b. 27 Dec 1820, bap. 25 Mar 1821 in Hitchin) son of Squire Day and Sarah Hobbs, married Ellen Wilton (b. 1819), daughter of Stephen Wilton and Elizabeth Hankin, in Royston, Hertfordshire, in 1842. 

John and Ellen Day had six children: 
  1. Henry Wilton Day b. 1843 in Buntingford, Hertfordshire
  2. Martha Hobbs Day b. 2nd quarter of 1845 in Cambridgeshire
  3. Ellen Day b. 3rd quarter of 1847 in Hitchin (died 1857, aged 9)
  4. Sarah Ann Day b. Q1 of 1850 in Hitchin (died Q4 of 1850)
  5. John Alfred Day b. 4 Jan 1852 in Henlow, Bedfordshire
  6. Arthur Stephen Day b. 1855 born in Hitchin
In 1851, John Day (30) Cabinet Maker Journeyman, Ellen Day (32) Dressmaker, Henry W (7), Martha H (5), Ellen (3), George Day (29) Master Tailor (John's brother) and Caleb Burrows (15), lodger, lived in Dead Street, Hitchin - later renamed Queen Street, but that didn't improve it much. Dead Street was compared to the worst slums of London. Even in 1919, the cottages in the Queen Street area were described:  
Some houses had earth floors. The windows and doors were small and in a few cases the only window downstairs opened to a passage where there was no light and very little air. The only bedroom was like a stable loft, reached by a decrepit stairs or a ladder. Tea chests served as tables and 5 or 6 children in one bed was not unusual.  It was very much survival of the fittest.

In 1861, John and Ellen Day were living in Church Yard, but that was still in the same squalid, underworld area, of which was said, "Although the area was central, the whole district was taboo for the rest of Hitchin’s inhabitants." There we find John Day (41), Ellen Day (46), Henry Day (17), at that time a Butcher Journeyman, Alfred Day (9) and Arthur Day (6). Martha Day (14) was then a House Maid in the household of Frederick Gillum (27), Cabinet Maker, in Sun Street, Hitchin. (A Martha Day, year of birth given as 1847, daughter of John and Ellen Day, was baptised on 17 Apr 1872, in Cambridge.)

Found no further records anywhere for John and Ellen Day.

In 1871, Alfred J Day (19) Reporter and Arthur S Day (15) Photographic Artist, were living with their grandfather, Squire Day (74) Upholsterer and Lodging House Keeper, in Back Street, Hitchin, Hertfordshire.