Wednesday, 12 January 2022

Mark King and Anna Kritzer

London : Kensington - Hyde Park Gate
cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Lewis Clarke -

The three siblings, children of Wilhelm Kritzer and Flora GleichaufAmalia KritzerKarl Kritzer and Joseph Kritzer (the last of those married my great-grandmother's half-sister), came to England to work in service, being employed in some very distinguished households. However, they were somewhat eclipsed by their aunt, their father's younger sister, Anna Kritzer (b. 1849) and could well be the inspiration for them coming to London to pursue these careers.

In 1881, Anna Kritzer (31) was employed in the household of Hermann de Stern, described on the census merely as a Merchant, from Germany at 4, Hyde Park Gate, Kensington (See inside one of these Hyde Park mansions). Baron de Stern (1815–1887), a member of the Stern family, originally from Frankfurt, was a German-born British banker and senior partner of the firm of Stern Brothers and one of the wealthiest businessmen in nineteenth-century Britain. His wife, to whom Anna Kritzer was Lady's Maid, was Julia Goldsmid.

In 1891, Anna Kritzer (listed as 32, actually 42), was still employed as a Lady's Maid at Hyde Park Gate, this time the head of the household is listed as Emily A Stern (76). However, I feel sure there are errors in this listing and that this is Hermann and Julia de Stern's daughter, Emily Theresa de Stern, born 1846.

In 1901, Anna Kritzer (47 with rebate), from Donaueschingen, Germany, was still at Hyde Park Gate, Lady's Maid to Lady Sherborne (38 - er, nope, she was 55), who was Emily Theresa de Stern (1846–1905), daughter of Baron Herman de Stern, who had married Edward Dutton, 4th Baron Sherborne in 1894.

By 1911, Anna Kritzer (60 ish), now of independent means (retired) and listed as a naturalised British subject, was still living in South Kensington.

In the 3rd quarter of 1916, at 67, Anna Kritzer married, Mark King, a Bricklayer from Oxfordshire, widower, whose first wife, Elizabeth, had died in 1912. The Kings had lived in Seymour Place, Kensington, at least since the 1880's.

In the previous couple of years, Anna's nephew, Karl Kritzer, had been the butt end of the anti-German press and her nephew Joseph had been interned as part of the mass internment of registered Enemy Alien men; her niece, Amalia Kritzer, then in her early 40's, probably wouldn't have wished to pursue such an option, since marriage would have meant giving up her career, but I can absolutely see why Anna would find a nice gentleman to give her a non-German surname.

Then Mark King died in the 1st quarter of 1920, aged 68.

In 1921, Anna King was living in the parish of Christ Church, Southwark.

Anna King died, aged 75, in the 1st quarter of 1925, in Kensington.

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